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Web search engine

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Joined: 11 Jun 2009
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Web search engine  Reply with quote  

A Web search engine is a tool designed to search for information on the World Wide Web. The search results are usually presented in a list and are commonly called hits. The information may consist of web pages, images, information and other types of files. Some search engines also mine data available in databases or open directories. Unlike Web directories, which are maintained by human editors, search engines operate algorithmically or are a mixture of algorithmic and human input.

Before there were web search engines there was a complete list of all webservers. The list was edited by Tim Berners-Lee and hosted on the CERN webserver. One historical snapshot from 1992 remains. As more and more webservers went online the central list could not keep up. On the NCSA site new servers were announced under the title "What's New!" but no complete listing existed any more.

The very first tool used for searching on the (pre-web) Internet was Archie.[3] The name stands for "archive" without the "v." It was created in 1990 by Alan Emtage, a student at McGill University in Montreal. The program downloaded the directory listings of all the files located on public anonymous FTP (File Transfer Protocol) sites, creating a searchable database of file names; however, Archie did not index the contents of these sites.

The rise of Gopher (created in 1991 by Mark McCahill at the University of Minnesota) led to two new search programs, Veronica and Jughead. Like Archie, they searched the file names and titles stored in Gopher index systems. Veronica (Very Easy Rodent-Oriented Net-wide Index to Computerized Archives) provided a keyword search of most Gopher menu titles in the entire Gopher listings. Jughead (Jonzy's Universal Gopher Hierarchy Excavation And Display) was a tool for obtaining menu information from specific Gopher servers. While the name of the search engine "Archie" was not a reference to the Archie comic book series, "Veronica" and "Jughead" are characters in the series, thus referencing their predecessor.

In June 1993, Matthew Gray, then at MIT, produced what was probably the first web robot, the Perl-based World Wide Web Wanderer, and used it to generate an index called 'Wandex'. The purpose of the Wanderer was to measure the size of the World Wide Web, which it did until late 1995. The search engine Aliweb appeared in November 1993. Aliweb did not use a web robot, but instead depended on being notified by website administrators of the existence at each site of an index file in a particular format.

JumpStation (released in December 1993) used a web robot to find web pages and to build its index, and used a web form as the interface to its query program. It was thus the first WWW resource-discovery tool to combine the three essential features of a web search engine (crawling, indexing, and searching) as described below. Because of the limited resources available on the platform on which it ran, its indexing and hence searching were limited to the titles and headings found in the web pages the crawler encountered.

One of the first "full text" crawler-based search engines was WebCrawler, which came out in 1994. Unlike its predecessors, it let users search for any word in any webpage, which has become the standard for all major search engines since. It was also the first one to be widely known by the public. Also in 1994 Lycos (which started at Carnegie Mellon University) was launched, and became a major commercial endeavor.

Soon after, many search engines appeared and vied for popularity. These included Magellan, Excite, Infoseek, Inktomi, Northern Light, and AltaVista. Yahoo! was among the most popular ways for people to find web pages of interest, but its search function operated on its web directory, rather than full-text copies of web pages. Information seekers could also browse the directory instead of doing a keyword-based search.

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Post Thu Jun 11, 2009 7:23 am
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The history of the search engine is pretty interesting. It's amazing when you think about how young the internet really is, how how fast it blew up. The world is a very different place now than it was 20 years ago. The internet has changed everything.

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Post Wed Jan 05, 2011 3:43 pm
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You will admit more to a seach engine box than you will to your friends or family.

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Post Wed Jan 05, 2011 6:21 pm
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Good article about web search.

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Post Wed Jan 19, 2011 5:34 am
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Thanks for sharing this gr8 article.
Post Wed Jan 19, 2011 3:17 pm
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The history of search engine are well interesting we just go back in 1996 or 1997 when Google search engine just come in market then process of searching is very very difficult and also speed of search engine is much slow but after 13 years most of search engine are performing well as every one knows.

Google, Yahoo! and MSN are now running well in the fields of online business and Internet marketing fields.

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Post Sat Feb 12, 2011 6:46 pm
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Nice Article on Web Search Engine.
Post Thu Mar 10, 2011 7:53 am
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Good article on search engine, It can help in understanding the science of search engine. How they work and perform searching, which factors they use do the searching and what is mechanism of saving, index website pages.

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Post Tue Nov 22, 2011 6:24 am
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Web search engine's history is very important and interesting. The image below help you to increase knowledge in this concern.

I hope it helps others.
Thanks and regards.


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Post Thu Mar 08, 2012 8:22 am
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Awesome Content on Web Search Website.

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Post Tue Mar 13, 2012 5:07 am
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The basis of web site search engine promotion includes writing appropriate content, developing targeted keywords and search terms, and employing effective keyword density.

Post Wed Aug 14, 2013 10:46 am
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